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    Deficit irrigation and partial rootzone drying maintain fruit dry mass and enhance fruit quality in [`]Petopride' processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill.)

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    Abstract
    A field experiment was conducted at the Haiyuan Experimental Station (36°34′N, 105°39′E), in a semiarid region of China, from 2000 to 2003 for rain-fed spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) production to maximize the utilization of low rainfall. This paper reports the two field cultivations of rainwater harvesting with a sowing in the furrow between film-covered ridges (SFFCR), and with a sowing in the holes on film-covered ridges (SHFCR). At the same time, the periods and indices of supplemental irrigation during the whole growth stage of rain-fed spring wheat were also studied. The periods of supplemental irrigation included the three-leaf stage (irrigated once), the elongation stage to flowering stage (irrigated twice), and the flowering stage to filling stage (irrigated once). The indices of supplemental irrigation during the whole growth stage of rain-fed spring wheat must reach over 59 and 40 mm in order to realize the 2250 and 2000 kg ha?1 yield, respectively. This research also presented such a concept of efficient water saving supplemental irrigation, which was considered as a new index of water saving irrigation. The experimental result showed that the efficiency of water saving supplemental irrigation of field cultivation with SFFCR was 5.5–5.8%, and with SHFCR was 9.4–9.6%. The efficiency of water saving supplemental irrigation of field cultivation with SHFCR was improved by 40.4% in comparison with SFFCR. Consequently, in this region, the integration of rainwater harvesting and supplemental irrigation can play a crucial role in the improvement of rain-fed spring wheat yields and water use.
    Article Outline
    1. Introduction
    2. Materials and methods
    2.1. General situation of experiment base
    2.2. Field experiment
    2.3. Experiment in rain shelter
    2.4. Record of experiment
    3. Results
    3.1. Periods of supplemental irrigation
    3.2. Index of supplemental irrigation
    3.3. Rainwater harvesting with a sowing in the furrow between film-covered ridges
    3.4. Rainwater harvesting with a sowing in the holes on film-covered ridges
    3.5. Efficiency of water saving supplemental irrigation
    4. Discussion
    5. Conclusions
    Acknowledgements
    References
     

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    作者:Zegbe-Domínguez, J. A., Behboudian, M. H., Lang, A., Clothier, B. E. 来源:Elsevier 发布时间:2011年07月13日