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    Evolution of soil properties on stabilized sands in the Tengger Desert, China

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    Abstract
    The spatial and temporal patterns of pedogenesis on stabilized dunes at Shapotou, northwestern China, were studied on the time sequences of 0, 18, 35 and 43 years. The spatial pattern of soil formation was estimated by measuring the thickness of accumulated sand fractions on the stabilized dune surface and by analyzing the characteristics and properties of soil. The results showed that the environment of soil formation and circulation of soil material were influenced in the processes of shifting-sand fixation, and the mean soil particle size changed from >0.2 to <0.08 mm in 0–20 cm soil depth with the succession from cultivated plants to natural vegetation. The capacity of available soil water increased fivefold. Deep infiltration of water in soil no longer occurred due to the increase in soil water capacity and the change of redistribution of soil water in profiles. Soil microorganisms evolved from simple to complex. Interaction of these processes obviously brought about accumulation of soil fertility, evolution of soil profiles and development of the profiles towards aripsamments. The difference of micro-topography is closely related to redistribution of material and energy in soil formation.
    Article Outline
    1. Introduction
    2. Materials and methods
    3. Results and discussion
    3.1. Changes in soil texture
    3.2. Improvement of soil water-holding capacity
    3.3. Variations of soil micro-flora
    3.4. Nutrient accumulation
    3.5. Evolution of soil profile morphology
    3.6. Microtopographical influences
    4. Conclusions
    Acknowledgements
    References

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    作者:Zhenghu, Duan, Honglang, Xiao, Xinrong, Li, Zhibao, Dong, Gang, Wang 来源:Elsevier 发布时间:2011年07月12日